Pomeranian dog breed is a breed that has a small-sized body but quite a big personality. It is clever, smart, brave, and vigilant.
Pomeranian is a dog breed that is blessed with a charming coat and a beautiful personality with goes along with its physical appearance.
Pomeranians might look mini or petite but they are tough and vigorous. The weight of these toy-sized dogs weighs from about 3 pounds to 7 pounds.
They are also recognized to be the smallest member of the Spitz or Nordic breeds but their attitude and appearance look quite intimidating and daunting.
They are commonly described as so many things by pet lovers, owners, and even admirers. They are sometimes called quick-witted, smart, bold, and intelligent.
Pomeranians are zealous, loyal, and they also love to please and even to learn so, training them will not be a difficult task.
Although this dog breed loves being around their owner and family, they also love to be independent, to have their alone time.
It will also be right to classify this dog breed as a pocket-sized dog as they can fit into a purse but, prefer to walk.
As mentioned, this dog breed has a big personality which also means they tend to challenge bigger dogs.
Their coat is easy to groom and their coat is also very charming. They are also quite popular throughout history.
Overview of the Pomeranian Dog Breed
Pomeranians are commonly referred to as so many names also depending on where they are and these names include Pom, Pom Pom, Loulou, Zwergspitz, Zwers, Spitz Enano, Spitz Main, and Deutsche Spitze.
Pomeranians are classified as a toy dog breed and even though they are miniature, it doesn’t reflect in either their heart or their personality.
They are spunky, brave, and excitable. And, every so often, they forget about their lack of height and go against dogs that are way bigger than they are.
Apart from Pomeranians being eccentric, they can tolerate children, other dog breeds, and even other animals.
Pomeranians are among the dog breeds that will make good watchdogs as they are known to bark excessively and also because they are strong.
As it is mentioned, Pomeranians tend to bark excessively so, good and proper training will be needed to help sort this out.
They are commonly called different nicknames and they come in different coat colors, this dog breed is quite beautiful and colorful.
In ancient times, Pomeranians are purposely and mainly bred to be work dogs and their weight around that period is about 30 pounds or a little less.
But, the Pomeranians will have in these modern days weigh way less than the initial Pomeranians and these modern Poms are obedient, talented, loving, affectionate, sharp-witted, active, smart, and they are also regarded as excellent companion dogs.
Historical Background of the Pomeranian Breed
Pomeranian breed is considered to be the smallest dog breed of the Spitz family as it is a member of this family.
Its ancestors are the tough sledding dogs and the precise date when the breeding of this dog started is still very unknown or even where it came from exactly.
Although some speculations and assumptions seem quite right and the most likely of them is that Pomeranian originated from Germany and Pomerania to be exact.
The forefather of this dog breed is particularly the Deutscher Spitz. This dog breed was only given the nickname Pomeranian when it was taken to England.
And the modern Pomeranians are quite very different from the Pomeranians back in those days in ways like they weigh around 30 pounds then and their common coat color was white which is quite a different thing now.
And those ancient Pomeranians are said to have looked like the Japanese Spitz and it was even considered that they might have come from them.
The Pomeranians gained their recognition from the English Kennel Club in the year 1870 and they also became quite popular ever since they got recognized by Queen Victoria who brought this dog breed to Italy.
The American Kennel Club (AKC) acknowledged the Pomeranian around the early 1900s and they became show dogs around England and America and are known to have quite various colors.
So, to this day, Pomeranians are quite popular as wonderful pets, excellent family companion dogs, and also wonderful show dogs.
Temperament of the Pomeranian Dog Breed
Pomeranians are considered to have a lofty look which is also said to match their behaviors. They are also the curious type and also very vigilant.
Pomeranians are fun-filled and very energetic which is how they spend their daily lives and this happens without them being hyper.
They are intelligent and smart and they are also considered to be excellent cuddle buddies as they love getting attention and affection.
Pomeranians are known for their behaviors because they are bold, brave, courageous, friendly, and assertive.
Early socialization is necessary for this breed mostly for the reason to be able to tolerate other dog breeds and animals.
A well-civilized and trained Pomeranian will be affectionate towards other dog breeds although they also have the habit of getting into trouble mostly with bigger dogs despite their stature and height.
This is a fact to be known so that you will be able to monitor your Pom when with bigger dogs as these dogs are likely to see your pooch as prey.
Pomeranians are very smart and independent as they tend to think highly of themselves so, you need to do a lot of training as this dog breed can be quite challenging with its attitude.
And not to mention it, they are wonderful family companion dogs although, there are some things you need to know about this dog breed being companion dogs.
One of the things you need to know about this dog breed being family companion dogs is that you should always supervise them especially when they are with little children basically because of their small-sized bodies.
And, you should also always monitor them when they are with other pooches even dogs of their size as this dog breed does not like feeling affected or disturbed.
You need to train your pooch real well and also instruct your children, especially the little ones on how to play with this dog breed.
And, as mentioned, Pomeranians are fun-filled so, they are quite very playful and they are the loyal kind of dogs, very loyal for that matter.
They are the party animal although gentle but also carefree. This dog breed is just loving, cute, and charming.
Health Issues of Pomeranians
In general, this dog breed are quite the healthy ones but, as it is common with all other dog breeds, they are still susceptible to some health issues.
Although the health issues this dog breed is susceptible to, does not do the same for all the dog breed but, for knowledge sake and awareness, it is best you know about them at least the common ones they are prone to.
The first and foremost thing you need to do is to get your pooch from a professional and well reputable breeder.
There are assurance and things you will get from a well reputable breeder like health clearances that shows that the pooch you are about to buy has been tested and cleared.
A professional and well reputable breeder will get health clearances from places like Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA), Auburn University for thrombopathia, and Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) for hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand’s disease, eyes test respectively.
Below will be some common health issues that Poms are susceptible to;
Epilepsy. Not all Poms are likely to suffer from epilepsy and if your pooch happens to suffer from this health condition, you should consult your veterinarian.
Allergies. You should also visit your veterinarian if you suspect that your pooch has allergic reactions to some things although only some dogs suffer from allergies.
Eye Issues. There are some eye issues this dog breed is susceptible to. Eye issues like dry eye, cataracts, and tear duct conditions. You should consult your veterinarian immediately your notice any sign of eye issues in your pooch because it can lead to serious eye issues if not treated quickly or if left untreated.
Legg-Perthes Problem. This health issue has to do with the hip joint of Pomeranians and it is quite common among small-sized dog breeds.
Hip Dysplasia. Hip dysplasia is a common health issue for Poms and this can happen due to so many factors.
Patellar Luxation. This is also a very common health issue with Poms and it has to do with the knee joint of this dog breed.
Tracheal Damage. This is a health issue that means there are damages with the trachea of dogs that help carry air to the lungs of dogs. The treatment is either medical or surgical.
Dental Issues. Pomeranians are likely to suffer from some dental issues. So, it is advisable that you take extra care of your pooch’s oral or dental health and also take your pooch for regular check-ups and this is not just for its dental health but its overall health.
Life Expectancy of Pomeranian Breed
The average lifespan for a healthy Pom is around 12 years to 16 years and this requires regular check-ups with your veterinarian. And, also a healthy diet, maintain a healthy weight and regular healthy exercises is required.
Pomeranian Dog Breed Maintenance
To get a healthy and energetic Pom, it is advisable to feed it twice daily and the total quantity of your pooch’s food should not be more than around ¼ to ½ cups.
For grooming, you should brush the coat of your Pomeranian twice a week and you should make sure that you brush its coat properly.
You should brush its skin to its primer coat and make sure the natural oils you used to go round its whole body.
Although it is not necessary or compulsory, you can trim the hair around your Pomeranian’s ears, feet, hind, and face.
Regular bathe is not necessary for this dog breed but, the most important thing is the oral health of this dog breed.
Cutting your pooch’s nails and taking extra care of its oral health is very essential. You should never allow the nail of your pooch to get too long and you should also take care of its teeth regularly.
Coat Colors of Pomeranians
One of the unique characteristics of a Pomeranian is its dense, outstanding, double coat with a primer coat that is smooth, dense, fuzzy, and also with an overcoat that has a long, lustrous, upright hair that is quite hard to touch.
A ruff is formed which improves the protruding look of a Pomeranian and this is due to the long hair that is around the chest and neck of this dog breed.
Another unique characteristic of Pomeranians is that they come in different colors and patterns and they include black and tan, black, blue and tan, chocolate, cream, chocolate and tan, cream sable, orange, orange sable, red, red sable, sable, brindle, and white.
Final Thoughts on Pomeranian Dog Breed
Pomeranians are not hypoallergenic and they might be quite an issue for pet lovers and owners that suffers from allergies.
But, it should also be known that Pomeranians are low shedders so, there are still some people that suffer from allergies that can tolerate and cope successfully with this dog breed.
They are smart dogs and they are quite known for it. They are very intelligent, highly clever, and easy to train as they are always eager to learn partially because they are the curious type.
They will make good guard dogs and they are very protective and alert. So, they are a good combination of being a great guard dog and also excellent family companion dogs.
Pomeranians are also known to have the habit of barking excessively which can be either an advantage or a disadvantage.
Their habit of barking excessively is sometimes for security as they are quite suspicious of strangers and are very vigilant.
You should be careful of hot weather and temperature for your pooch as it can lead to overheating and also has the potential of leading to heatstroke.
You should supervise your pooch quite well when it or you are both outside although this dog breed prefers being indoor.
They are good with children since they are also family and Poms loves their family but, you should supervise them when they are with little children.
Pomeranian dog breed is a healthy breed but you should be careful of where you get it from if you are planning to get it, a professional and well reputable breeder is highly recommended.